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Samanu recipe | samanoo, a sweat pudding made from wheat symbolizes wealth and fertility in 5 steps

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Samanu is one of the main symbols of the Haft Sin table. This spiritual dessert symbolizes strength, goodness, and blessing, which will sweeten your Nowruz moments with its pleasant taste.

Be with us in The Cookery Magazine to get the answer to your questions and especially the main question that is How can we cook samanoo?

Ingredients for making Samanu

Wheat 1 glass
Wheat sprout2 glasses
Water5 glasses

Recipe for making Samanu

The first step; Cleaning samano wheat and washing it

To try the best method of cooking Samanu at home, clean the wheat carefully and wash it with cold water. It is better to separate the broken wheat grains and pay attention that all the grains be in their whole shape.

You might be surprised that the samanu you prepare from outside has a sweet taste, but if you are a cook, it is easy to cook a healthy, nutritious, and low-sugar samanu.

There is no need to add sugar to the original samanu recipe, and its sweetness is obtained from wheat germ.

The sweets you get from outside usually have sugar. But there is no need for sugar in the preparation of homemade samanu. When wheat sprouts, they become sweet. The reason for this is the conversion of starch into maltose sugar in the wheat germination process.

wheat washing for samanu

The second step, Greening of wheat for Samanu

In this step of preparing homemade samano step by step, put the washed wheat in a suitable container and pour some water on the wheat. The amount of water on the wheat should be two knuckles.

We are going to turn the wheat green, so put the container of wheat in a cool and dark place for two days.

colander to allow the wheat seeds to take root a little. During all these 24 hours, the cleaning cloth must be moist (not wet).

samanou recipe

It is better to change the wheat water 4 to 5 times. During this time, white sprouts grow on wheat.
Now it’s time to put the sprouted wheat in a clean wet cleaning cloth for 24 hours and place it in a

The third step; Placing the wheat in the colander

In this step of how to prepare Samano Nazri, pour the wheat in a colander after one day. Wheat should not be piled on top of each other. The height of the wheat in the colander should be 2 cm.

The fourth step; Preparing wheat for Samano

At this stage of the homemade samanu, you should wash the wheat with gentle water pressure. The water pressure should not be high because the sprouts will be damaged.
Keep the wheat in the same colander and wipe them with a wet cleaning cloth. This cloth should always be wet. Sprouted wheat should remain in this state for 2-3 days.

samanou wheat sprouts
suitable wheat in cooking samanu

During this time, keep the cloth moisture several times so that the cloth does not smell unpleasant.
They are ready when the sprouts are tall but have yet to come out of the cleaning cloth.

green wheat sprouts

Remember, if the wheat becomes very green and tall and comes out of the cleaning cloth, the bitterness and sweetness of the wheat will decrease. It is enough for the wheat to bloom and sprout.

The fifth and last step in the cooking method of Samanu

Pour wheat juice gradually on wheat flour or sangak flour and mix. The flour may lump; if it lumps, pass it through a sieve or strainer.

wheat sprouts

In the last step of how to cook Samanu, you should put the mixed wheat in a cloth strainer and press it well so that the juice is completely removed.

Put the above ingredients with five glasses of water in a spirit or copper container on medium heat and stir constantly. When the mixture comes to a boil, reduce the heat and stir from time to time until it thickens.

When the consistency of Samanu is like a Ferni dessert, put a flame spreader under the pot and cover the pot’s lid with a rice steamer cover. 


This work is to improve the color of Samanu, and Samanoo will be beautiful. Let it brew for an hour. In this interval, stir the Samanoo two or three times to avoid sticking.

In the last half hour of cooking, according to an old philosophy, put some almonds or walnuts with their skins into the samanu.

Here with me, try the best way to cook Samanu, which has a balanced sweetness without adding sugar; it is a nutritious and healthy snack, especially for children and pregnant women, and enjoy your cooking.

Bowl of samanu

Preparing Samano with dates

One of the easiest and fastest ways to prepare Samanu at home is to combine wheat germ flour, wheat flour, and dates.
In the following, you can learn how to make Samanu with dates.

Ingredients for making Samanu with dates

Wheat germ flour1 cup
Wheat flour1 cup
Soft pitted dates1 and a half cup
Animal oil (ghee)As much as needed
Water1 and a half cup
Cardamom extract or Cardamom syrup1 tablespoon

Recipe for making Samanu with dates

In the first step of how to prepare homemade samano with dates, you should combine wheat germ flour and wheat flour and sift it once to separate the coarse flour particles from it.

Then you must remove the dates’ skin and their cores. Then grind the dates completely using a meat grinder. If you want, you can use a meat grinder to mix the dates or grab the dates by hand to crush them.


In the third step of how to prepare homemade samanu without sugar, you have to pour the flour into the pan and add enough water to make a loose and watery paste.

Now put a spreader flame on the oven, place the pan on low heat, and constantly stir so that the ingredients are combined and do not stick.

At this stage, add animal oil to Samanu and stir well. Then add the cardamom juice and remix the ingredients. You can turn off the flame when the samano turns completely brown and reaches the right consistency. You can eat this samano both hot and cold.

Golden tips for having the best samanoo

  • In some regions of Iran, to prepare Samanu flour, they put wheat in a cotton cloth or bag and sprinkled water on them. They repeat this every few hours so the wheat remains wet and can take root. They do this until the green stem of the wheat is identified. As we said, this stem should grow only a little because it makes Semno bitter.
  • Then, the sprouted wheat is removed from the cotton bag and spread to dry in a warm and dry place. When the wheat gets dry, they are ground and used in preparing Samanoo.
  • To make Samanu’s color brighter and look good, add 2 to 3 tablespoons of animal oil (ghee) three hours before brewing Samanoo. Adding ghee will make the color of Samanoo good.
  • In response to the question of how long Samanu should be on the gas flame, you should know that Samanu needs a lot of time to cook and should stay on the gas for at least 3 to 4 hours.
  • The flame for cooking Samanoo must be gentle. You have to be patient to cook Semnoo.
  • When soaking the wheat with a wet cloth, it is better to use a cotton cloth and wet it at least once an hour so that the wheat germinates well.
  • For cooking homemade samanu without wheat flour, only wheat germ is used.
  • If the concentration of the homemade samanoo is too high, add some water to the samanu and then let it boil again.
persian samanu recipe

Remember that in the preparation of Samano Nazri, if the wheat sprout turns green, your Samanu will get bitter.

  • In the past, it was customary to put several almonds with skin in the pot at the end of cooking Semno and before serving it; This work was a sign of good luck and an omen. If you want, you can do it too.
  • After cooking homemade samanu, it is time to decorate it. You can use chopped walnuts, almonds, and pistachios to decorate Samanoo.
decorate persian samanu
  • In preparing homemade samanoo, it is better to use a cotton cloth to soak the wheat and soak the cloth every few hours so that the wheat germinates well.
  • If you have been asked why they pour ice in Samanu, you should know that some people believe that this makes Samanoo have beautiful color.
  • The reason for the elasticity of Samanou is the presence of wheat sprouts (wheat germ) in it, which is rich in vitamins and many properties for the health of the body.
  • Remember that if you see that the concentration of samanu is very high and hard at the end of cooking, you can pour a little water into it and let it boil again.
  • If you are making this dessert for the first time, you can make it with a small amount (100 to 200 grams) of wheat.
  • You can decorate your homemade samanu with walnuts, almonds, or pistachios.

Having a journey in the history of Samanu

As you know, Samanoo cooking in Iran returned many years ago. In ancient Iran, this wheat dessert is made from wheat sprouts, which are a symbol of birth and fertility. 

The history of Samanoo in ancient Iran is more than three thousand years. 

At first, Samanoo was called a miraculous food in the plateau lands of Iran as a traditional food with a warm nature. 

In addition to Iran, this hearty and delicious food is cooked in many Central Asian countries, including Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Kyrgyzstan, and it is called samanak.

samanoo properties

Cooking “Samno” or (Samnak) is one of the traditions of Tajik Nowruz, which along with the famous poem I mentioned below, announces the arrival of a green and refreshing spring.

«سمنک در جوش ما دفچه زنیم، دیگران در خواب، ما کفچه زنیم»

Cooking Samano in a ceremony called Samanu Pazan usually starts a week before Nowruz and continues until the end of the year. 

samano in haft sin

Cooking Samanoo is one of the Tajik New Year traditions. In the past, Samanoo was distributed as the first free food of the New Year among the villagers, and the children were among the first people to eat this food.

This ceremony dates back to before Islam, especially in Isfahan and desert areas. 

After Islam, this Nowruz elixir took on a religious aspect and was called the special food of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (PBUH)

Samano is a food made from wheat germ, and no artificial sweeteners are added to it, and it is beneficial for the health and growth of the body, especially children.

Frequently Asked Questions about samanoo

What is the method of making Samanoo color red?

Use a copper pot to make Samanu red and improve its color.

How many hours should Samano be on the oven flame?

In response to the question of how many hours Samanu should be on the gas, you should know that to cook homemade Samanu, you should put it on the gas for at least 3 to 4 hours.

What is Samano flour?

To cook homemade Samanu, you must use special Samanu flour, i.e., wheat flour or Sangak (nân-e sangak) flour. Some people also use wheat flour to prepare homemade Samanu step by step.

How long does it take time cooking and preparation of Samanu with dates?

Preparation time: 20 minutes
Duration of cooking Semno with dates: 50 minutes


samanu with nuts
samanu with nuts

Thank you again for being with us with an excellent, delicious, authentic Iranian samano recipe. Share your experiences with us, and if you have any tips to improve the Samanu recipe, be sure to comment; thank you.

And finally, I would like to thank those who took the time to read this article about Samanu.

It is hoped that among the delicious foods of different societies, Iranian food is gaining more and more fans daily.

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